Colorado


8-13.5-102. Legislative declaration

      (1) The general assembly hereby finds, determines, and declares that:

      (a) The American academy of pediatrics recommends breastfeeding exclusively for the first six months of an infant’s life and has continuously endorsed breastfeeding for at least one year or longer as the optimal form of nutrition for infants and as a foundation for    good feeding practices;

      (b) Extensive research indicates that there are diverse and compelling advantages to nursing for infants, mothers, families,          businesses, and society, including less illness among children who are nursed and lower health care costs;

      (c) Epidemiologic research shows that breastfeeding infants provides benefits to their general health, growth, and development and results in significant decreases in risk for numerous acute illnesses;

      (d) Breastfeeding has been shown to have numerous health benefits for mothers, including an earlier return to prepregnant weight,    delayed resumption of ovulation with increased child spacing, improved bone remineralization postpartum with reduction in hip fractures in the postmenopausal period, and reduced risk of ovarian cancer and premenopausal breast cancer;

      (e) In addition to individual health benefits, providing opportunities for breastfeeding results in substantial benefits to employers,         including reduced health care costs, reduced employee absenteeism for care attributable to infant illness, improved employee                   productivity, higher morale and greater loyalty, improved ability to attract and retain valuable employees, and a family-friendly image in    the community;

      (f) Nursing is a basic, normal, and important act of nurturing that should be encouraged in the interests of maternal and infant health.

      (2) The general assembly further declares that the purpose of this article is for the state of Colorado to become involved in the national        movement to recognize the medical importance of breastfeeding, within the scope of complete pediatric care, and to encourage         removal of boundaries placed on nursing mothers in the workplace.

          8-13.5-103. Definitions

          As used in this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

          (1) “Employer” means a person engaged in business who has one or more employees. “Employer” includes the state and any political      subdivision of the state.

          (2) “Reasonable efforts” means any effort that would not impose an undue hardship on the operation of the employer’s business.

          (3) “Undue hardship” means any action that requires significant difficulty or expense when considered in relation to factors such as the        size of the business, the financial resources of the business, or the nature and structure of its operation, including consideration of the           special circumstances of public safety.

           8-13.5-104. Right of nursing mothers to express breast milk in workplace – private location – discrimination prohibited

          (1) An employer shall provide reasonable unpaid break time or permit an employee to use paid break time, meal time, or both, each day       to allow the employee to express breast milk for her nursing child for up to two years after the child’s birth.

          (2) The employer shall make reasonable efforts to provide a room or other location in close proximity to the work area, other than a toilet      stall, where an employee can express breast milk in privacy.

          (3) An employer that makes reasonable efforts to accommodate an employee who chooses to express breast milk in the workplace shall      be deemed to be in compliance with the requirements of this section.

          (4) The department of labor and employment shall provide, on its web site, information and links to other web sites where employers can access information regarding methods to accommodate nursing mothers in the workplace. The department shall consult with appropriate           organizations or associations to determine the appropriate information and web site links to provide on the department’s web site so as      to provide employers with the most accurate and useful information available.

          (5) Before an employee may seek litigation for a violation of this section, there shall be nonbinding mediation between the employer and   the employee.

 C.R.S.25-6-302. Breastfeeding.

A mother may breastfeed in any place she has a right to be.

C.R.S. 25-6-301. Legislative declaration.

(1) The general assembly hereby finds and declares that:

(a) The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends breastfeeding exclusively for the first six months of an infant’s life but continuing with other forms of nutrition for at least the first twelve months of an infant’s life and as long thereafter as is mutually desired.

(b) The American Academy of Pediatrics has continuously endorsed breastfeeding as the optimal form of nutrition for infants and as a foundation for good feeding practices. Extensive research indicates that there are diverse and compelling advantages to breastfeeding for infants, mothers, families, and society.

(c) Epidemiologic research shows that breastfeeding of infants provides benefits to their general health, growth, and development and results in significant decreases in risk for numerous acute and chronic diseases.

(d) Research in developed countries provides strong evidence that breastfeeding decreases the incidence and severity of diarrhea, lower respiratory infection, otitis media, and urinary tract infection.

(e) Research studies have also shown that human milk and breastfeeding have possible protective effects against the development of a number of chronic diseases, including allergic diseases and some chronic digestive diseases. In addition, human milk and breastfeeding may prevent obesity.

(f) In addition, breastfeeding has been related to the possible enhancement of cognitive development.

(g) Breastfeeding has been shown to have numerous health benefits for mothers, including an earlier return to pre-pregnant weight, delayed resumption of ovulation with increased child spacing, improved bone re-mineralization postpartum with reduction in hip fractures in the postmenopausal period, and reduced risk of ovarian cancer and pre-menopausal breast cancer, as well as increased levels of oxytocin, resulting in less postpartum bleeding and more rapid uterine involution.

(h) In addition to individual health benefits, breastfeeding results in substantial benefits to society, including reduced health care costs, reduced environmental damage, reduced governmental spending on the women, infants, and children supplementary feeding programs, and reduced employee absenteeism for care attributable to infant illness.

(i) Breastfeeding is a basic and important act of nurturing that should be encouraged in the interests of maternal and infant health.

(2) The general assembly further declares that the purpose of this part 3 is for the state of Colorado to become involved in the national movement to recognize the medical importance of breastfeeding, within the scope of complete pediatric care, and to encourage removal of societal boundaries placed on breastfeeding in public.